Phonetic Symbols – International IPA
What to Start with in Learning English
The best and fastest way in learning English for any non-native English speakers is grapping the hints of how to pronounce and spell the words. The easiest solution to achieve this learning tactics, is the interaction between the L1 and L2. Example, how to pronounce or spell the language 1 which is Khmer language for Cambodian learners to Language 2 which is English, the target language. Then, you will need to have the knowledge of letters (alphabets), phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (way of writing the sounds).
In English language phonics, there are 44 International Phonetic Alphabets (IPA) consisting of 24 consonant sounds and 20 vowel sounds. Both have its monograph as in [TAnk /t/ + /æ/ + /ŋk/] and digraphs as in [THrEE /θ/ + /r/ + /iː/] and other multigraphs.
Learn English with Sam
This article is written by Sam as a free lessons for all Khmer learners. Let’s learn English with Sam. Sam was from the most underprivileged background with his family in a rural Angkor area. Sam gets his current better life condition because of learning and teaching English. Seeing this opportunity as a crucial key to better change for people in rural area. Sam has created many learning access to the people both online and offline for frees.
44 English IPAs toward Khmer Phonics
24 English Consonantal IPAs – សម្លេងព្យញ្ជនៈទោលនិងផ្សំអង់គ្លេស
|វ្ហឹ=វ្ហ . វ្ហ៊
13 English Vowel IPAs- សម្លេងស្រៈទោលអង់គ្លេស
8 English Diphthong IPAs- សម្លេងស្រៈផ្សំអង់គ្លេស
Long Vowel Sound and Short Vowel Sounds
Just like Khmer language, there are two groups of vowel sound: ‘អ Or /ɔː/” and”អ៊ O/əʊ/”. Sam Inspire would like to the short and long vowel sound as following:
Short Vowel Sound and Patterns
|a : cat
|e : bed
|i : This
|o : top
|u : bus
Long Vowel Sound and Patterns
|a : a
|e : me
|i : Iris
|o : photo
|u : put
|a-e : made
|e-e : these
|i-e : ice
|o-e : nose
|u-e : tune
|ai : main
|ee : see
|igh : high
|oa : boat
|ue : true
|ay : may
|ea : tea
|-y : try
|ow : show
|ew : few
|eigh : height
|-y : waterlily
|ie : lie
|OUGH : though
|eu : neutral
|ei : vein
|ie : thief
|y-e : style
|oe : toe
|ey : hey
|ey : key
Special Glossaries Related to English Writings and Phonic Characters
- Letter refers to any single or more characters of the alphabets.
- Alphabet refers to the the complete set of any language letters in its order. Example: A to Z is the English Alphabet which consist of 26 phonics and 52 letters in which 26 are small letters and other 26 are in capital. And 5 of those are vowels (Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu).
- IPA (International Phonetic Alphabets) is the symbol or signs that English has created to help pronounce the letter and words. Example, “a” can be pronounced in 1) /æ/ as in cat, 2) in /ɑː/ and /ə/ as in Cicada /sɪˈkɑːdə/. This “cicada” apply to “c” can be pronounced in /s/ and /k/. Therefore sign or symbols of /æ/, /ə/, /s/ and /k/ are called IPA.
- Diphthong is a sound composed of two vowel IPA symbols but composing of vowels only not consonants. The composed letters don’t have to be two vowels, it can be more which is different from Digraphs on the other way around. Example: Diphthong /ɪə/ composed of three letters ear and eer.
- Digraphs are two-letter Graphemes. You can remember this trick because Digraph has the prefix di which means two. However, the IPA is not necessary to be two symbols. For instance, digraphs: CH, PP, SH, TH as in CHair /tʃeə/, aPPle /ˈapəl/, SHe /ʃi:/, THank /θæŋk/, THat /ðæt/. Here are most of the Digraphs in English including Vowels and Consonant:
- Trigraphs are three-letter Graphemes. You can remember this trick because Trigraph has the prefix tri which means three. Here are some examples: ure as in sure, are as in dare, ear as in hear, oor as in door, igh as in high, air as in hair…
- Quadgraphs are four-letter Graphemes. You can remember this trick because Quadgraph has the prefix Quad which means Four. Here are some examples: augh as in caught, ough as in bought, eigh as in height…
- Splitgraphs is when a digraph is split by a consonant, that becomes a split digraph. Most of those are ended with “e” as in bite i…e, here “e” has no sound or we call it a silent E but e has changed the sound of I from short i /i/ as in bit to long i /ai/. Here are most of the Splitgraph in English: a-e as in made, e-e as in these, i-e as in like, o-e as in home, u-e as in rule…
- Phoneme sounds like phonics, which is the method of teaching people how to correlate sounds with letters.
- Grapheme has the word graph in it. Graphemes are symbols, just like how graphs are also visual representations of information.
- Blends are also known as consonant clusters. For example, ST as in step and STR as in Stress.
Some Special Characters Found in the Dictionary Corelated to IPA
Anyway, these terms are very complicated, there is no sense to try to understand all these glossaries for those who are in the beginning, so do those who help the beginners learn English. These are only those who want to understand English in a deeper ways.
We hope you find this useful. You can also get more resources from YouTube here at his ALL FOR KIDS organization in Siem Reap.
It is true this is just Sam hobbies to create all these contents on Sam Inspire webpages. To build the useful contents and resources takes time and effort.